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As discussed in The Minaret, it is the only structure synonymous with a mosque. The inclusion of this feature is strengthened because of its integral use in the Environmental Design strategy. It is a simple brick tubular tower with an intricate water-jet cut stainless steel perforated grill set to a six pointed star pattern in plan as the crowning piece. This patterned sheet acts as the outlet for the prayer space’s passive ventilation strategy.

The rear of the proposal features a very ornate brickwork pattern based on Alvar Aalto’s Baker House method of using twisted and distorted overburnt bricks, set to the Brick Pattern generated from the Tomb of Chelebi Oghu. This pattern is used on the scheme’s facade to signify the religious parts of the building.

Above shows the second version of the proposed Shahjalal Mosque in Shandy Park. Already shown in Mosque V2 Modeling, it uses pattern work previously discussed in Brick Pattern, Paving Pattern and Etching Pattern, whilst combing styles of traditional Islamic and English domestic and industrial styles as shown in Power Pub and Collision Course. It does not however work programatically and lets itself down by not revealing it’s inspiration in elevational detailing.

A work in progress.

The geometric patterns from Etching Pattern has been applied to glass to create a sample at 1:1. Here it has been photographed next to brickwork to show the contrast between the two proposed materials and how they sit in harmony.

Here on a square grid-basis, a spinning four-fold pattern has been developed with stabilizing star octagons.  Another example of Islamic Patterns, it adheres to a geometric rule of repetition and has been progressed further to create two zones; translucent and opaque.

The image shown is an illustration of how brickwork or paving blockwork could be cut to interlock structurally and create a spinning motif, which is one of the most frequently recurring patterns in Islamic art. Taken from Islamic Patterns by Keith Critchlow, I especially like it if used in the main foyer space. Orientated in the right way it aligns with both axis the proposed Mosque deals with with, that of the existing fabric and of Mecca, as discussed in Site Axis. It also starts to address the detailed domesticity that the Wallpaper gives The Grapes Public House.

Brick, despite being a commonly used material, is often understated. The limits are only really set by the designer’s imagination and the dimensions of the brick. Even then you can “cheat” by cutting, chamfering or even creating bespoke bricks. The problem however is exploring an idea’s potential. This is very difficult with brick as due to the size of them at 1:1 and when sketching it is very hard to investigate in the 3rd dimension.

Here scale bricks at 1:24 are used to model a pattern in relief.

The pattern used on one of the six sides to the Tomb of Chelebi Oghlu is clearly based, at least in part, on Kufic script; the oldest calligraphic form of the Arabic scripts. It also features a spinning motif, one of the most frequently recurring patterns throughout Islamic art. Here the pattern has been adapted to the sizes of standard bricks rather than square cross sectional ones used previously.

Constructed iaround 1353, Sultaniya, Iran; the Tomb of Chelebi Oghlu is a superb precedent for what can be achieved decoratively with brick. Using standardized dimensioned bricks a repetitive islamic geometric pattern has been created without what some would consider the excessive nature of Brick Expressionism. The subtle use of different colored bricks is similar in language to Alvar Aalto’s Baker House, where twisted and distorted overburnt bricks were used at intervals of a seemingly plain elevation.

An interior model of the Prayer Hall as visualized in Geometric Roof Structure Visualization.